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Cell[TextData[{
"On \"",
StyleBox["Mathematica",
FontSlant->"Italic"],
" Natsu no Gakkou\"\n (",
StyleBox["Mathematica",
FontSlant->"Italic"],
" Summer School)"
}], "Title"],
Cell["1999/8/24 IMS'99 #41", "Subtitle",
TextAlignment->0.5,
TextJustification->0],
Cell["\<\
Kenji YOSHIDA (Konan Boy's High School)
Shinya OHASHI (Kashiwa Municipal High School)\
\>", "Author",
TextAlignment->Right,
TextJustification->0],
Cell[CellGroupData[{
Cell["Abstract", "Section"],
Cell["\<\
In this presentation, I want to talk about how the \"Mathematica \
Natsu no Gakko\" program is run.
I also want to show some of the materials made there.
Then I want to discuss the problems we confronted, and plans for developing \
teaching materials in the future.\
\>", "Text"]
}, Open ]],
Cell[CellGroupData[{
Cell["\<\
About \"Mathematica Natsu no Gakkou\"\
\>", "Section"],
Cell["\<\
Mathematica, a software system for mathematics, is well known \
among secondary school (high school) teachers in Japan.
But not many of them have used Mathematica in the classroom or have developed \
teaching materials that use it.
Even if some teachers have developed materials based on Mathematica, the use \
of those materials was limited to that teacher's school and seldom went \
beyond that school.
There weren't any opportunites for most teachers to use such materials even \
if they existed.
For teachers who are Mathematica novices, what is necessary is an opportunity \
to learn how to use Mathematica in the classroom and how to develop materials \
based on Mathematica.\
\>", "Text"],
Cell["\<\
A few years ago, we started Mathematica workshops for teachers of \
mathematics in several prefectures.
Many teachers who attended it realized that it was possible to use \
Mathematica in future mathematics education.
Unfortunately, these workshops were held in limited locations.\
\>", "Text"],
Cell[TextData[{
"\" Mathematica Natsu no Gakkou\" is a project for providing the \
opportunity to develop Mathematica-related materials for teachers who do not \
have enough information on how to use Mathematica. \nThe first \"Mathematica \
Natsu no Gakkou\" was held in the summer of 1996 with the cooperation of \
Wolfram Research Asia Limited, the Mathematica User's Group in Japan, and \
Mathematica dealers inJapan. \nIt was a three-day event. About 20 teachers of \
secondary education who were eager to develop Mathematica-related materials \
worked together. \nEach teacher completed one lesson based on an idea he/she \
brought. \nThe 4th workshop was held this summer. \nSo far, about 70 teachers \
have attended these workshops and various teaching materials have been \
developed. \nAnyone can download and use them freely. \n",
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"\n(This pages is Japanese pages, English pages comming soon.)\nThis, I \
think, is the first place where mathematics teachers from all parts of the \
country can communicate with one another."
}], "Text"]
}, Open ]],
Cell[CellGroupData[{
Cell["Types of materials", "Section"],
Cell["\<\
The objective of this workshop is to develop materials which can be \
used in a classroom setting.
Many types of materials have been made.
They are:\
\>", "Text"],
Cell[CellGroupData[{
Cell["1) materials to present ideas to students", "Subsection"],
Cell["\<\
Many teachers are interested in 3D models and animations.
Because we cannot draw them on black-board.\
\>", "Text"],
Cell["\<\
Example 1.1
Example 1.2
Example 1.3
\
\>", "Text",
TextAlignment->Left]
}, Open ]],
Cell[CellGroupData[{
Cell["2) materials to be used by students for self-teaching", "Subsection"],
Cell["Some teaches can make materials such as text books.", "Text"],
Cell["\<\
Example 1.1
Example 2.2
Example 2.3
\
\>", "Text",
TextAlignment->Left]
}, Open ]],
Cell[CellGroupData[{
Cell["\<\
3) materials to introduce Mathematica as a programming \
language\
\>", "Subsection"],
Cell[TextData[{
"There are some programming languages in mathematics text books in Japan.\n\
BASIC is the most popular language for high schools level in Japan .\nBut ",
StyleBox["Mathematica",
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" is the most suitable language in our carriculum."
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Cell["\<\
Example 3.1
\
\>", "Text",
TextAlignment->Left],
Cell["\<\
Thorough examination as to whether or not all of the materials \
developed at workshops can be used in all kinds of schools will be necessary.\
\
\>", "Text"]
}, Open ]]
}, Open ]],
Cell[CellGroupData[{
Cell["Some Problems in this project", "Section"],
Cell["\<\
This project can create the teacher's network beyond the school and \
the prefecture.
Now, there are many staffs in this project.
We have about 100 teaching materials in this project.
But, there are some probrems in this project.
They are:\
\>", "Text"],
Cell[CellGroupData[{
Cell["1) Some teaching materials cannot be used by every teacher.", \
"Subsection"],
Cell["\<\
Every teacher made the teaching material with his individual \
teaching method.
But other teacher cannot use that material, because of the difference of \
teaching methods.
\
\>", "Text"]
}, Open ]],
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Cell["2) Some teaching materials are out of our carriculum.", "Subsection"],
Cell["\<\
Some teacher made the teaching material as out of our carriculum.
Then that material cannot be used all kinds of school.
\
\>", "Text"]
}, Open ]],
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Cell[TextData[{
"3) Many ",
StyleBox["Mathematica",
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" novices cannot attend this project. "
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Cell[TextData[{
"Many ",
StyleBox["Mathematica",
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" power users in high school have attended this project.\nBut ",
StyleBox["Mathematica",
FontSlant->"Italic"],
" novices have not come. Novices avoided this poject.\nMany novices thought \
this project was too hard.\nSome novices have made some materials in this \
project.\nWe will make another project , as beginner's training for teachers.\
\n"
}], "Text"]
}, Open ]]
}, Open ]],
Cell[CellGroupData[{
Cell["Contents of teaching materials", "Section"],
Cell["Natsu no Gakkou 1996", "Subsection"],
Cell["Natsu no Gakkou 1997", "Subsection"],
Cell["Natsu no Gakkou 1998", "Subsection"],
Cell[CellGroupData[{
Cell["Natsu no Gakkou 1999", "Subsection"],
Cell["Under Construction", "Text"]
}, Closed]]
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Cell[CellGroupData[{
Cell["About the future education in Japan", "Section"],
Cell["\<\
In Japan, it seems to have become a requirement in the mathematics \
curriculum to not only utilize computers in mathematics, but to also teach \
programming in information science classes.
Internet or LAN is becoming essential to schools.
The possibility of introducing remote education or a credit system along with \
traditional classroom teaching is now being discussed.
There will be a demand for teaching materials that students in any situation \
can use.\
\>", "Text"]
}, Open ]]
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